From Global Commitments to National Action: A Closer Look at Nationally Determined Contributions from a Food and Land Perspective


This presents results from a systematic analysis of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) submitted before October 2021 by G20 members and key forested countries from the FOLU Coalition, in advance of COP26. It assesses how action-oriented the NDCs are in terms of transforming the food and land sector, what specific policy measures they propose and where policy gaps and opportunities are.

The 15 reviewed NDCs represent over 60% of global greenhouse gas emissions and include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Ethiopia, the European Union, Indonesia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Mexico, the Russian Federation, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.

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